ADW Language Arts Standards (Grade 2)


The goals of the Second Grade reading and writing curriculum are to foster confidence and an appreciation of both reading and the writing process.  The Second Grade Language Arts curriculum works to help students become fluent readers through reading a variety of fiction and non-fiction texts.  Strategy-focused instruction is used in guided reading at the student’s instructional and independent reading levels.  Students read text from a variety of genres.  Writing is developed using Six Traits of Writing.  Students work on strengthening their writing and editing skills through independent and class writings.

Selected Goals
  • Manuscript handwriting
  • Read fiction and non-fiction texts in a variety of genres
  • Introduce basic research skills
  • Identify as independent readers and writers
  • Writing process
  • Reading comprehension strategies
  • Critical thinking skills and listening
  • Spelling strategies
Selected Activities and Approaches
  • Writers/Readers workshop
  • Six + 1 Traits of Writing
  • Reading response journals
  • Word Sorts/Differentiated spelling
  • Genre projects

ADW Math Standards (Grade 2)


In Second Grade, children encounter numbers in a wide variety of contexts in order to expand their number sense.  Specifically, students develop a deep understanding of the base-ten number system.  Students develop quick recall of basic addition and subtraction facts to develop fluency in multi-digit equations. Strong emphasis is placed on students’ representations and ability to articulate mathematical thinking.  Students also are expected to develop multiple methods of solving problems.

Selected Goals
  • Number sense (show understanding of numbers, ways of representing numbers, and relationships among numbers)
  • Computation (show understanding of operations and how they relate to one another; compute fluently and makes reasonable estimates)
  • Algebra (recognize and understand patterns, duplicate and extend them)
  • Geometry (identify, describe, and classify common plane and solid geometric shapes)
  • Measurement (understand measurable attributes of objects and apply appropriate techniques and tools)
  • Data Analysis and Probability (understand basic concepts of probability, collect data, and create visual representations)
  • Problem Solving (apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems)
  • Mathematical Reasoning and Communication (describe and explain mathematical thinking through words and drawings)
Selected Activities and Approaches
  • Cooperative center activities to extend and review concepts
  • Partner and group games to reinforce computation skills
  • Daily computation experiences
  • Literature connections to math
  • Classroom discussions
  • Journaling
  • Extensive use of concrete materials

ADW Religion Standards (Grade 2)


In Second Grade, students deepen their relationship with Christ through prayer, exploration of Scripture, and continued emphasis on the communal, sacramental life of the Church. Second Grade completes the two-year sacramental preparation for First Reconciliation and First Eucharist.

Selected Goals
  • Parts of the Mass, postures, gestures, and responses
  • Liturgical Year
  • Understand common rites and rituals of the Church
Selected Activities and Approaches
  • Interactive Scripture study
  • Teaching Liturgy
  • First Eucharist workshop
  • Song, meditation, movement

ADW Science Standards (Grade 2)


Second Graders continue to explore their world while gaining a deepening knowledge of the scientific endeavor.  Students develop acute observation skills and the verbal skills to articulate their scientific thinking.

Selected Goals
  • Investigate and describe natural surroundings
  • Understand animal/plant interaction
  • Competency in simple measurement tools
  • Apply scientific thinking in a variety of settings
Selected Activities and Approaches
  • Use of variety of measurement tools including: thermometer, scale, magnifying glass, microscope, and simple anemometer
  • Introduction of scientific method
  • Observation and field notes
  • Class discussions
  • Vocabulary building
  • Cooperative group learning
Social Studies

ADW Social Studies Standards (Grade 2)


Second graders explore their local community and continue to build an understanding of the interaction between individuals, groups, and the surrounding environment.  Special emphasis is placed on community life, especially traditions and histories. Students spend the year developing a sense of themselves as independent, critical-thinking, community members.

Selected Goals
  • Introduce genre and textbook literacy skills
  • Discuss and explore processes of community-building
  • Identify, participate in, and plan community traditions
Selected Activities and Approaches
  • Weekly class meetings
  • Heritage project
  • Operation Rice Bowl project
  • Class discussions
  • Vocabulary building
  • Cooperative group learning

Art is taught as a language of knowing and communicating.  Students grow in the identification, understanding and application of the elements of art, (line, shape, form, texture, and color) in two- and three-dimensional assignments.  Classes meet once a week with one-half of a homeroom.

With each project, students are introduced to relevant cultures and artists. Museums are invaluable for our program: their architecture, exhibits and education resources.  We use HTS library resources extensively and, as appropriate, integrate with individual technology classes.  Relevant book illustrations and art history images are displayed.  We take sketching field trips on our grounds and buildings.  Completed art works are exhibited throughout our buildings and, sometimes, on our website.

At the end of the year, students review and solidify the portfolio emerging from all their works.

Selected Goals

Our primary goal is to guide the students into accepting Art as a way of knowing and communicating as outlined in the AOW Art Standards.   We seek to provide a balance between having a group class, setting out rules and guidelines structured in a project and having free studio class. Each student’s work is celebrated as he or she is able to create it.  Art vocabulary is developed as students experience projects in drawing, field sketching, painting and water coloring, sculpture making, printmaking and portraiture; architecture and the presentation of art work, both in two- and three dimensions.   We seek to increase student awareness of the art and architecture in our school grounds and neighborhood, as well as in other cultures.


Library time strengthens the joy children find in books and reading as their knowledge and ability grows.  Independent library skills are emphasized as children begin to differentiate between fiction and informational books and become familiar with these sections of the library.  The online catalog is introduced and children learn to use it to find books that match their interests.



Second graders participate in once-a-week classes designed to awaken and extend each child’s creative capacity. Children at HTS are introduced to music through Orff-Schulwerk, an approach to music education created by composers Carl Orff and Gunild Keetman. Just as children learn to speak before they can read and write, music education encourages singing and playing instruments before learning to read and notate music. Our students experience elemental music in ways that are natural to them: singing, games, movement and other playful activities.  Students develop technique and skills in playing classroom instruments, and have many opportunities to improvise based upon those skills and knowledge.  The primary goals are confidence and success at each level.

Selected Goals
  • Match pitch when singing
  • Sing using solfege syllables and body motions, pentatonic melodies (La-Sol-Mi-Re-Do)
  • Introduction to notation of pentatonic melodies on first a 2-line staff, then 3-line, then 5-line staff
  • Maintain a steady beat using body percussion and classroom instruments
  • Identify same/different phrases
  • Question/answer phrases
  • Time signature/beats per measure, measure lines, repeat signs
  • Experience AB, ABA forms in music
  • Explore the instruments of the orchestra, watch/listen to “Peter and the Wolf”
  • Play classroom instruments with proper technique (xylophones, metallophones, glockenspiels, and non-pitched instruments such as hand drums, wood blocks, hand drums and rhythm sticks).
  • Identify the different timbres of metal and wooden barred instruments
  • Play a chord bordun on barred instruments while singing
  • Explore dynamics and tempo: loud/soft (forte, piano), louder/softer, (crescendo/decrescendo),  fast/slow,  faster/slower
  • Gain a solid foundation with rhythmic building blocks (quarter note, eighth notes, quarter rest, half note).
  • Improvise rhythmic and melodic phrases using voice, body percussion and classroom instruments
  • Experience music from a variety of cultures and historical eras through singing, dance and listening
  • Respond to music with movement; learn to move safely in self and general space
  • Learn music for liturgy
  • Introduction to classical music, patriotic music
Selected Activities and Approaches
  • Use children’s literature to explore rhythm, melody and form
  • Use manipulatives such as WikiSticks and mini-rhythmic building blocks to explore rhythm
  • Perform a song or instrumental piece for Christmas Show, Arts Night, Grandparent’s Day, Lower School Assembly, or 8th grade buddies
  • Sing in different languages
  • Dramatize stories with music and movement
  • Make a musical instrument
  • Attend a live musical performance (2nd grade)
Physical Education

To engage students in developmentally appropriate activities that creates maximum opportunities for development of skills, knowledge, health-related fitness, and ultimately, the confidence to enjoy an active, healthy lifestyle.

Selected Goals
  • Fitness Development
  • Cooperative Games
  • Development of Soccer Skills and Tactics
  • Development of Ultimate Frisbee Skills and Tactics
  • Frisbee Golf
  • Development of Tennis Skills and Concepts
  • Flag Football (“Capture the Football”)
  • Development of Team Handball Skills and Tactics
  • Development of Basketball Skills and Tactics
  • Development of Volleyball Skills and Badminton Skills
  • Introduction to Hockey and Racquetball Skills and Concepts
  • Track and Field Activities
  • Introduction to Softball Skills and Concepts
  • Introduction to Lacrosse Skills and Concepts
  • Review of Games and Activities
Selected Activities and Approaches
  • Regular attendance is required
  • Correct uniform is required
  • Emphasis on effort, sportsmanship, and skill development
  • Students are graded on effort, participation, sportsmanship and skill development

Using educational software and online games, Second Grade students reinforce fundamental skills in phonics and mathematics.  Students are introduced to basic keyboarding and word processing skills.  The students also use graphics programs such as Pixie, Comic Life and PowerPoint to reinforce and present topics learned in class.

Updated:  June 2011